Yataghans of 1821

Short Turkish Swords - yataghans or curved daggers, were most frequently used for hand-to-hand combat where they usually were decisive for the result of combat, since the use of fire-arms had still been slow and unpractical. The cutting edge of Yataghans was straight or curved with the blade constructed from a high quality metal dowell, single edged and curved with a narrow fuller running along the blunt edge. The Yataghan most frequently had inscriptions from the Koran, as well as the name of the owner, name of craftsman, place and year of make. The handles were most commonly made of bone - horn, wood, ivory or perhaps silver. Their cases were especially wealthy decorated. Yataghans were most frequently worn at the belt between the two pistols.

The regions in which these swords were produced carried the general name of Yataghan. The Yataghan districts within the provinces Denizli and Muola manufactured swords for the Ottoman army for hundreds of years.


Petimeza's Yataghan

Petimeza's Yataghan Yataghan with bone hilt, gilt decoration and gold mounts with inscriptions in Arabic; booty taken by the admiral Yakoumakis Tombazis (1782-1829). L. 0.77 m. Gift of Dimitrios Tombazis-Mavrokordatos.

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